Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) aka: Florence Fennel, Sweet Fennel, Finocchio, is a long stemmed vegetable with a bulb of leaves at its base and soft furry leaves at its top.
Health Benefits of Fennel
Increased Immune Function
Reduced Risk of Colon Cancer
Protection Against Heart Disease
DNA Repair and Protection
Alleviation of Cardiovascular Disease
Alleviation of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Prevention of Epileptic Seizures
Prevention of Alopecia (Spot Baldness)
Fennel is thought to reduce flatulence, colic, urinary disorders, and constipation. The Anethole compound which gives it most of its flavor is thought to alleviate inflammation and help prevent cancer. *Some of these health benefits are due to the nutrients highly
concentrated in Fennel, and may not necessarily be related to Fennel.
Look for vibrantly colored stalks and bulbs with no discolorations or signs of wilting in the leaves. As a rule of thumb the closer the stalks are together the better the fennel.
Climate and origin
It is not known exactly where fennel originated but it was well known to both the ancient Romans and Greeks as a healthy vegetable. Favoring warm temperatures fennel grows in most temperate areas. (Zones 4-10 in the U.S.)
Fennel has a highly aromatic flavor caused by the aromatic compound Anethole which gives it a taste similar to licorice or anise. Fennel has a crunchy texture when raw but softens somewhat when cooked.
The Ancient Greeks called fennel by the name Marathon, since it was found growing in one of the battlefields near Marathon. Wild forms of fennel can still be found growing in Europe today.
Natural vitamins, minerals, and nutrients found in Fennel + Complete Nutrition Facts
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