Turnips

Turnips (Brassica rapa) are round red, white, or purple root vegetables with green leafy tops that are also edible.

Health Benefits of Turnips

Advertisement (Bad ad? How to mute ads)

How to choose Turnips

Look for vibrantly colored turnips with no signs of wilting or becoming soft. If the greens are attached, try make sure they are as crisp as possible and don't look wilted.

Climate and origin

It is not known where the turnip originated, however, records of its first cultivation are found in Greece and Europe and therefore it is assumed the turnip originated somewhere in Europe or Asia. A hardly plant that likes cold temperatures turnips will grow in cold temperate to subtropical climates. (Zones 3-9 in the U.S.)

Taste

Turnips have a bland but slightly pungent taste and a very crisp texture. The greens are often eaten cooked and have a sharp taste.

Similar tasting produce

Daikon, Rutabagas

Recipes using Turnips

Turnip Soup with Daikon

Natural vitamins, minerals, and nutrients found in Turnips + Complete Nutrition Facts

Vitamin C | Dietary Fiber | Magnesium |

Click here to compare these nutrition facts with other vegetables.No Nutrition Facts Available
Nutrition Facts
Serving Size 100g
Calories
% Daily Value*
Total Fat g%
    Saturated Fat g%
Cholesterol mg%
Sodium mg%
Total Carbohydrate g%
    Dietary Fiber g%
    Sugar g~
Protein g~
Vitamin A%Vitamin C%
Calcium%Iron%
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Vitamins  %DV
Vitamin A IU%
    Retinol equivalents μg~
    Retinol μg~
    Alpha-carotene μg~
    Beta-carotene μg~
    Beta-cryptoxanthin μg~
Vitamin C mg%
Vitamin D IU (μg)%
    D2 Ergocalciferol IU (μg)
    D3 Cholecalciferol IU (μg)
Vitamin E mg%
Vitamin K μg%
    K1 - Dihydrophylloquinone μg~
    K2 - Menaquinone-4 μg~
Vitamin B12 μg%
Thiamin mg%
Riboflavin mg%
Niacin mg%
Pantothenic acid mg%
Vitamin B6 mg%
Folate μg%
    Folic Acid μg~
    Food Folate μg~
    Dietary Folate Equivalents μg~
Choline mg~
Lycopene μg~
Lutein+Zeaxanthin μg~
Minerals  %DV
Calcium mg%
Iron mg%
Magnesium mg%
Phosphorus mg%
Sodium mg%
Potassium mg%
Zinc mg%
Copper mg%
Manganese mg%
Selenium μg%
Water g~
Ash g~
Fatty Acids
Omega 3 to Omega 6 Ratio
Omega 6 to Omega 3 Ratio
Total Omega 3smg
18D3 Linolenicmg
18D3CN3 Alpha Linolenic(ALA)mg
18D4 Stearidonic (SDA)mg
20D3N3 Eicosatrienoicmg
20D5 Eicosapentaenoic(EPA)mg
22D5 Docosapentaenoic(DPA)mg
22D6 Docosahexaenoic(DHA)mg
Total Omega 6smg
18D2mg
18D2CN6 Linoleic(LA)mg
18D2CLA Conjugated Linoleic(CLA)mg
18D3CN6 Gamma-linolenic (GLA)mg
20D2CN6 Eicosadienoicmg
20D3N6 Di-homo-gamma-linolenic (DGLA)mg
20D4N6 Arachidonic (AA)mg
22D4 Adrenic (AA)mg
Essential Amino Acids  %RDI
Histidine mg%
Isoleucine mg%
Leucine mg%
Lysine mg%
Methionine mg%
Phenylalanine mg%
Threonine mg%
Tryptophan mg%
Valine mg%
Stats
Percent of Daily CalorieTarget
(2000 calories)
%
Percent Water Composition %
Protein to Carb Ratio (g/g)


Advertisement (Bad ad? How to mute ads)

Click to View Comments

  1. Office Of Dietary Supplements Fact Sheet
  2. Appel LJ. Nonpharmacologic therapies that reduce blood pressure: A fresh perspective. Clin Cardiol 1999;22:1111-5.
  3. Simopoulos AP. The nutritional aspects of hypertension. Compr Ther 1999;25:95-100.
  4. Appel LJ, Moore TJ, Obarzanek E, Vollmer WM, Svetkey LP, Sacks FM, Bray GA, Vogt TM, Cutler JA, Windhauser MM, Lin PH, Karanja N. A clinical trial of the effects of dietary patterns on blood pressure. N Engl J Med 1997;336:1117-24.
  5. Saris NE, Mervaala E, Karppanen H, Khawaja JA, Lewenstam A. Magnesium: an update on physiological, clinical, and analytical aspects. Clinica Chimica Acta 2000;294:1-26.
  6. Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D and Fluoride. National Academy Press. Washington, DC, 1999.
  7. Paolisso G, Sgambato S, Gambardella A, Pizza G, Tesauro P, Varricchio H, D'Onofrio F. Daily magnesium supplements improve glucose handling in elderly subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;55:1161-7.
  8. Altura BM and Altura BT. Magnesium and cardiovascular biology: An important link between cardiovascular risk factors and atherogenesis. Cell Mol Biol Res 1995;41:347-59.
  9. Ford ES. Serum magnesium and ischaemic heart disease: Findings from a national sample of US adults. Intl J of Epidem 1999;28:645-51.
  10. Liao F, Folsom A, Brancati F. Is low magnesium concentration a risk factor for coronary heart disease? The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Am Heart J 1998;136:480-90.
  11. Ascherio A, Rimm EB, Hernan MA, Giovannucci EL, Kawachi I, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC. Intake of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and fiber and risk of stroke among US men. Circulation 1998;98:1198-204.
  12. Elisaf M, Milionis H, Siamopoulos K. Hypomagnesemic hypokalemia and hypocalcemia: Clinical and laboratory characteristics. Mineral Electrolyte Metab 1997;23:105-12.
  13. Xing JH and Soffer EE. Adverse effects of laxatives. Dis Colon Rectum 2001;44:1201-9.
  14. Mauskop A, Altura BM. Role of magnesium in the pathogenesis and treatment of migraines. Clin Neurosci. 1998;5(1):24-27.
  15. Peikert A, Wilimzig C, Kohne-Volland R. Prophylaxis of migraine with oral magnesium: results from a prospective, multi-center, placebo-controlled and double-blind randomized study. Cephalalgia. 1996;16(4):257-263.
  16. Pfaffenrath V, Wessely P, Meyer C, et al. Magnesium in the prophylaxis of migraine--a double-blind placebo-controlled study. Cephalalgia. 1996;16(6):436-440.
  17. Wang F, Van Den Eeden SK, Ackerson LM, Salk SE, Reince RH, Elin RJ. Oral magnesium oxide prophylaxis of frequent migrainous headache in children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Headache. 2003;43(6):601-610.
  18. Bendich A. The potential for dietary supplements to reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000;19(1):3-12.
  19. Rude RK. Magnesium deficiency: A cause of heterogeneous disease in humans. J Bone Miner Res 1998;13:749-58.
  20. Rude KR. Magnesium metabolism and deficiency. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 1993;22:377-95.
  21. Kelepouris E and Agus ZS. Hypomagnesemia: Renal magnesium handling. Semin Nephrol 1998;18:58-73.
  22. Ramsay LE, Yeo WW, Jackson PR. Metabolic effects of diuretics. Cardiology 1994;84 Suppl 2:48-56.
  23. Kobrin SM and Goldfarb S. Magnesium Deficiency. Semin Nephrol 1990;10:525-35.
  24. Lajer H and Daugaard G. Cisplatin and hypomagnesemia. Ca Treat Rev 1999;25:47-58.
  25. Tosiello L. Hypomagnesemia and diabetes mellitus. A review of clinical implications. Arch Intern Med 1996;156:1143-8.
  26. Paolisso G, Scheen A, D'Onofrio F, Lefebvre P. Magnesium and glucose homeostasis. Diabetologia 1990;33:511-4.
  27. Elisaf M, Bairaktari E, Kalaitzidis R, Siamopoulos K. Hypomagnesemia in alcoholic patients. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1998;22:244-6.
  28. Abbott L, Nadler J, Rude RK. Magnesium deficiency in alcoholism: Possible contribution to osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease in alcoholics. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1994;18:1076-82.
  29. Rude RK, Shils ME. Magnesium. In: Shils ME, Shike M, Ross AC, Caballero B, Cousins RJ, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 10th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006:223-247.
  30. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Magnesium. Dietary Reference Intakes: Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press; 1997:190-249.
  31. Schwartz R, Walker G, Linz MD, MacKellar I. Metabolic responses of adolescent boys to two levels of dietary magnesium and protein. I. Magnesium and nitrogen retention. Am J Clin Nutr. 1973;26(5):510-518.
  32. Shils ME. Magnesium. In Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 9th Edition. (edited by Shils, ME, Olson, JA, Shike, M, and Ross, AC.) New York: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 1999, p. 169-92.
  33. Spencer H, Norris C, Williams D. Inhibitory effects of zinc on magnesium balance and magnesium absorption in man. J Am Coll Nutr. 1994;13(5):479-484.
  34. Torsten Bohn, Lena Davidsson*, Thomas Walczyk and Richard F. Hurrel Fractional magnesium absorption is signi?cantly lower in human subjects from a meal served with an oxalate-rich vegetable, spinach, as compared with a meal served with kale, a vegetable with a low oxalate content. Laboratory for Human Nutrition, Institute of Food Science and Nutrition, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland (Received 27 May 2003 - Revised 7 November 2003 - Accepted 28 November 2003
  35. FDA Drug Safety Communication: Low magnesium levels can be associated with long-term use of Proton Pump Inhibitor drugs (PPIs)
  36. Charles Coudray, Christian Demigné, and Yves Rayssiguier. Effects of Dietary Fibers on Magnesium Absorption in Animals and Humans. J. Nutr. January 1, 2003 vol. 133 no. 1 1-4.
  37. R. A. McCance, E. M. Widdowson, and H. Lehmann. The effect of protein intake on the absorption of calcium and magnesium. Biochem J. 1942 September; 36(7-9): 686-691.
  38. Office of Dietary Suppliments Face Sheet: Vitamin C
  39. Gokce N, Keaney JF, Jr., Frei B, et al. Long-term ascorbic acid administration reverses endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation. 1999;99(25):3234-3240.
  40. Audera, C (2001). "Mega-dose vitamin C in treatment of the common cold: a randomised controlled trial". Medical Journal of Australia 389: 175.
  41. Hemilä, Harri; Chalker, Elizabeth; Douglas, Bob; Hemilä, Harri (2007). "Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold". Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (3): CD000980
  42. Fleming DJ, Tucker KL, Jacques PF, Dallal GE, Wilson PW, Wood RJ (December 2002). "Dietary factors associated with the risk of high iron stores in the elderly Framingham Heart Study cohort". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 76 (6): 1375?84.
  43. Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000.
  44. Weinstein M, Babyn P, Zlotkin S. An orange a day keeps the doctor away: scurvy in the year 2000. Pediatrics 2001;108:E55.
  45. Hoffman FA. Micronutrient requirements of cancer patients. Cancer. 1985;55 (1 Suppl):295-300.
  46. Deicher R, Hörl WH. Vitamin C in chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis patients. Kidney Blood Press Res 2003;26:100-6.