The Best Foods To Relieve Stress

The Best Foods To Relieve Stress

When faced with a stressful event, the body releases the stress hormones cortisol and noradrenalin (norepinephrine).

In the short term, these hormones help us to deal with the cause of our stress. However, when stress becomes chronic, as it often does with modern lifestyles, it leads to various negative effects upon our health and wellbeing.

We are all familiar with the symptoms of stress, such as raised heart rate, anxiety, and shortness of breath. In addition, stress affects our mood, ability to concentrate, our energy levels, appetite, and sleep.

Chronic or long-term stress can eventually affect other systems of the body such as the immune, digestive, and reproductive systems. This can result in increased susceptibility to colds and infections (1), an increased risk of digestive issues such as IBS, and fertility problems. Stress is also associated with an increased risk of various diseases such as cardiovascular disease and some cancers (2,3).

There are various ways to help manage stress and its consequences, some of which are outlined below. Eating a healthy, balanced diet is important to ensure you get the nutrients your body needs to stay resilient in the face of stress. Eating a wide range of plant foods, including at least 7 portions of fruit and vegetables every day, plus plenty of nuts, seeds, beans, lentils, and whole grains is fundamental.

Below is a list of research-backed foods to help relieve stress and get you back on track.

Best Foods for Stress Relief

1 Soya Foods
A block of tofu
Soya is a top dietary source of tryptophan, from which the "happy hormone" serotonin is manufactured. Including foods that are high in tryptophan will ensure your body has the building blocks to produce adequate serotonin. One study found that eating tryptophan-enriched cereal for 3 weeks raised serotonin levels, improved mood, and reduced anxiety in elderly subjects (4). Other good sources of tryptophan include nuts, seeds, chicken, turkey, fish, beans, and eggs.
Nutrition Facts for Boiled Soybeans (Edamame).
2 Blueberries
Blueberries are rich in flavonoids, which stimulate the production of nitric oxide, a natural substance that causes blood vessels to relax. This in turn improves blood flow and oxygen delivery to the brain and has been shown to enhance cognitive function and health (5). Flavonoids also support blood sugar balance for stable energy levels and mood and blueberries are high in vitamin C, which is needed for supporting the body's stress systems.
Nutrition Facts for Blueberries.
3 Cocoa
Thin dark chocolate squares
Cocoa contains a substance called phenylethylamine (PEA), which is the neurotransmitter (brain chemical) released when we fall in love, leading to feelings of pleasure, emotional well-being, and even bliss (6). Various studies have observed immediate improvements in mood after eating chocolate (7,8). Cocoa is another top source of flavonoids for supporting brain health and function (5) and is rich in magnesium, which helps promote relaxation. Despite the immediate stress-relieving benefits, overconsumption of chocolate or long-term use of chocolate is unlikely to relieve stress in the long term (8). Eat chocolate in moderation when coping with chronic stress.
Nutrition Facts for Dark Chocolate (70-85% Cocoa).
4 Chamomile Tea
A cup of chamomile tea
Traditionally used for centuries as a remedy for anxiety, chamomile contains a substance called apigenin with mild anti-anxiety and sedative properties that bind to the same receptors in the body as sedative drugs, but it is completely natural (9). One study found improvements in anxiety and mood in people with mild to moderate generalised anxiety disorder, following 8 weeks of chamomile extract (10).
Nutrition Facts for Tea Herb Brewed Chamomile.
5 Whole Grains
Brown Rice
A diet rich in whole grains such as oats, brown rice and wholewheat pasta helps stress-prone people cope better with stressful situations according to a Dutch study (11). These foods contain complex carbohydrates and vitamin B3, which help trigger the release of the "happy hormone" serotonin in the brain. Whole grains are also high in fiber which feeds good bacteria living in the gut, which subsequently benefits mental health (see below).
Nutrition Facts for Cooked Brown Rice.
6 Oily Fish (Salmon)
Salmon Fillets
Oily fish are rich in the omega-3 fats DHA and EPA, vital for a healthy brain and nerve function, and to help balance emotions. Low levels of omega-3s have been reported in people with anxiety and some studies have found supplements can reduce some of the symptoms of anxiety (12). Higher fish consumption is also linked with a reduced risk of depression (13). Oily fish is the best dietary source of vitamin D, which helps promote a positive mood, especially in winter (14).
Nutrition Facts for Farmed Atlantic Salmon.
7 Nuts
Nuts and Seeds in a Bowl
Nuts are rich in magnesium, which stimulates the release of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain that calms the nervous system and the mind (15). Magnesium is beneficial for various stress-related health conditions such as restless leg syndrome (16), high blood pressure (17,18), migraine (19), and headaches (20). Nuts and seeds are also a source of tryptophan for serotonin production and walnuts, chia, hemp, and flax seeds are a source of plant-based omega-3s.
Nutrition Facts for Brazilnuts.
8 Probiotic Foods
Plain yogurt with raspberries
The gut bacteria or "microbiome" influence psychological health via the gut-brain axis, which is a two-way communication between the gut and the central nervous system. A 2016 meta-analysis (a large study, pooling the results of many studies) found that probiotic supplements reduced symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety in healthy people (21). Fermented foods containing natural probiotics include live yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, kimchi, kombucha, and some artisan cheeses.
Nutrition Facts for Non-Fat Yogurt.
9 Turmeric
Slices of turmeric and turmeric powder
A recent 2021 study found that turmeric extract improved mental health and mood disturbance in overweight, but otherwise healthy people. Mental health scores improved and negative mood, anger, and hostility were all reduced after 12 weeks (22). Turmeric is well known to have anti-inflammatory properties and this is believed to be the reason for these effects. Low grade, chronic inflammation is related to many health problems, including depression and other mental health conditions (23,24,25).
Nutrition Facts for Ground Turmeric.
10 Green Vegetables
Broccoli Stalk
Green vegetables such as broccoli, spinach and kale are high in several nutrients that benefit the nervous system, including magnesium, folate, fiber, B vitamins, iron, and vitamin C. Magnesium deficiency has been linked with psychological stress (26) and supplements have shown benefits for anxiety sufferers (27). Low folate levels have been linked with depression (28,29). Both iron and B vitamins are required for energy production in the body and a lack can lead to fatigue and low mood.
Nutrition Facts for Broccoli (Cooked).
11 Guavas
Half a guava
Guavas are a top source of vitamin C, which has been shown to reduce stress hormone levels. One study gave healthy adults vitamin C supplements for 2 weeks and then gave them a stress test (involving public speaking and mental arithmetic). They experienced smaller elevations in blood pressure, had lower anxiety scores and their stress hormone levels returned to normal more quickly after the test compared with the placebo group (30). Other top sources of vitamin C include kiwifruit, red peppers, citrus fruit, strawberries, papaya, and broccoli.
Nutrition Facts for Guavas.

Stress Relieving Techniques

  • Yoga and meditation are scientifically proven to reduce stress levels. The more often you practice, the more benefits you will experience (31).
  • Exercise is as effective as medication for treating mild to moderate depression and releases stress-relieving brain chemicals. Exercising outside in the morning has further benefits, due to the exposure to natural daylight (32).
  • Spending time in nature has proven benefits for mental well-being. Walking or running in the countryside, beach, park or forest is a great way to reap more benefits from your exercise (33).
  • Sleep deprivation is a form of stress on the body, and is unfortunately common these days (34). Prioritizing sleep is therefore key to managing stress. For more info see the top 10 foods for better sleep.
  • Vitamin D is essential for helping ward off depression and keeping us physically and mentally healthy (35). 90% of our total vitamin D comes from the action of sunlight on the skin, so getting some safe sunlight exposure is beneficial. You could also include a supplement during winter as an "insurance policy", especially if you've had limited sun exposure or have darker skin.
  • Caffeine - While moderate amounts of caffeine might ward off symptoms of depression (36), caffeine disrupts blood sugar balance, sleep cycles and causes the release of the stress hormone adrenalin (37,38). Avoid caffeine completely if your stress levels are high, otherwise, limit yourself to 1-2 coffees or teas per day.
  • Sugar and refined carbohydrates can lead to blood sugar highs and lows, which can unbalance mood and energy levels (39). Instead, eat whole grains combined with protein whenever possible to balance blood sugar levels and mood.

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Data Sources and References

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